Athena, goddess of wisdom, was the patroness of weaving, crafts, and the more disciplined aspect of war. Called Parthenos (virgin), and Promachos (the one who leads in battle), she is often shown helmeted, wearing a goatskin breastplate and carrying a shield, with Medusa’s head depicted on either the breastplate or shield.
Muscarella, Oscar White, ed., Ancient Art: The Norbert Schimmel Collection, Philipp von Zabern, Mainz, Germany, 1974
Ancient Art: The Norbert Schimmel Collection, Israel Museum, Jerusalem, Spertus and Library Entrance Hall, 08/05/1977 - 12/12/1977
Gods and Mortals: Selected Objects from the Norbert Schimmel Collection, Israel Museum, Jerusalem, 17/05/1992 - 31/10/1992