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Official weight from Herod’s reign

Official weight from Herod’s reign

Official weight from Herod’s reign

Limestone

H: 4.5; Diam: 11.6 cm; Weight: 1223 gr

Israel Antiquities Authority
IAA:

1968-119

Archaeology/Hellenistic, Roman & Byzantine Periods

The weight bears a Greek inscription that reads, “Year 32 of King Herod, the benefactor, loyal to Caesar, inspector of markets. 3 minas.” It guaranteed the reliability of the weight and indicates its year of issue counted from Herod’s ascension to the throne. “Benefactor” and “loyal to Caesar” were customary titles. The “inspector of markets” (agoranomos) was responsible for maintaining sound commercial practice and the accuracy of weights and measures. The weight attests to the well-developed system of administration in Herod’s kingdom.