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Heliodoros inscription, transcript of correspondence in Greek between Seleucus IV (187–175 BCE), his viceroy Heliodoros, and subordinate officials

Heliodoros inscription, transcript of correspondence in Greek between Seleucus IV (187–175 BCE), his viceroy Heliodoros, and subordinate officials

Heliodoros inscription, transcript of correspondence in Greek between Seleucus IV (187–175 BCE), his viceroy Heliodoros, and subordinate officials

Limestone

H: 92; W: 58; D: 12 cm

Extended loan from Michael and Judy Steinhardt, New York

Israel Antiquities Authority
Accession number:

2006.52/1

IAA:

2009-1488/1-3

Archaeology/Hellenistic, Roman & Byzantine Periods

This inscription preserves Seleucus IV’s decision to appoint Olympiodorus “overseer of the sanctuaries” in the satrapy of Koilē Syria and Phoinikē (which included the Land of Israel). The event, perceived by Jews as an infringement of religious autonomy, is echoed in the Second Book of Maccabees, which relates that the king’s viceroy Heliodorus was sent by the king to confiscate funds from the Temple treasury, but was stopped through divine intervention.