Late 20th century
Purchased through the gift of Dr. Ernst Strauss, Zurich
Accession number: B85.0143
The hassidim are a conspicuous example of voluntary segregation. The hassidic movement, founded in eastern Europe in the 18th century, emphasized serving God through joy and considered the tzaddik, or rebbe, to be an intermediary between the community and God. As hassidism spread, numerous courts were set up around tzaddikim. To this day each court has its own distinctive apparel, which serves as a defense against outside influences and helps preserve the traditional way of life. The shtreimel, or fur hat, owes its origins to the Polish nobility.
Juhasz, Esther (ed.), The Jewish wardrobe from the Collection of The Israel Museum, Jerusalem, 5 Continents Editions, Milan and The Israel Museum, Jerusalem, 2012
Digital presentation of this object was made possible by: The Ridgefield Foundation, New York, in memory of Henry J. and Erna D. Leir