Photo © IMJ, by Max Richardson
Pierre Auguste Renoir
French, 1841–1919
Portrait of Mme. Paulin
1885-1890
Oil on canvas
81.7 x 58.3 cm
Gift of Ogden Phipps, New York, through the America-Israel Cultural Foundation
Public Domain
Accession number: B72.0018
 
 
By the end of the 1870s, Renoir’s concerted effort to become a portraitist to rich Parisians had met with success. He no longer took part in the exhibitions held by the Impressionists, feeling that by distancing himself from them and exhibiting instead at the Salon he would end the accusations that he was a revolutionary. Also, the soft focused, indistinct style he had developed early in the decade had begun to trouble him aesthetically, as well as being a deterrent to commissions.

For some three years, from 1879 to 1882, Renoir was financially well off. His growing friendships with the upper class led to orders for portraits, and increased the likelihood of his acceptance at the Salon. The commissioned portraits, which number more than half of his figure paintings of this time, were treated in a clear, substantial way. Although he did not revert to the limited palette, dark shadows, and smooth finish propagated by the academic artists, he reduced visible strokes and reflected colors in favor of sensuous details and rich textures. Nevertheless, he would soon tire of these kinds of assignments and begin searching for a way to renew his art.

Mme. Paulin (née Jeanne Trinquesse) was not one of Renoir’s high-society commissions but rather a portrait of the wife of a friend. Paul Paulin (1852–1937) was a dentist, sculptor, and collector, who sometimes acted as an intermediary to help the Impressionists sell their works. He sculpted Renoir’s portrait and owned at least one other important painting by the artist, Mother and Children, 1875–1876 (Frick Collection, New York). Painted following a period of artistic soul-searching, our Mme. Paulin exhibits the thick, hatched strokes, strong colors, and porcelainlike skin tones usually associated with Renoir’s portraits of the late 1880s.

Set against a vague and ambiguous background, Mme. Paulin may be either seated or standing, though the curved brushwork at the bottom right suggests a chair. The multicolored, warm red-oranges and gold that predominate in the background serve as a foil to the black-clad figure. These colors are applied in long, parallel strokes. Shorter strokes in the sitter’s clothes follow the flow of her body, while her face is worked in much thinner, less obtrusive touches.

Mme. Paulin is wearing a modest, high-necked, long-sleeved dress, but the tight waist nevertheless shows off her fine figure. Her frock appears to be of sheer black fabric over a smooth, yellow-gold material that flickers in the light, and her hands are encased in fashionable, black leather gloves. The gold in her bracelets, pin, earrings, and dress is echoed in the background, linking her to it despite the strong red-black color contrast. As in many of Renoir’s paintings, the sitter’s eyes seem unaware of either artist or viewer. She has the dreamy, meditating countenance that the Impressionists favored as a way of mitigating the posed quality of traditional portraits.

Publications:
Sirakovich, Tanya, A Room of Her Own, The Israel Museum, Jerusalem, 2007
Impressionist and Post-Impressionist Painting and Sculpture, The Israel Museum, Jerusalem, 2006, English / Hebrew

Exhibition:
A Room of Her Own: Portraits of Women from the Israel Museum Collection, Israel Museum, Jerusalem, 04/12/2007 - 29/02/2008

Digital presentation of this object was made possible by: Ms. Joan Lessing, New York and Jerusalem