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Itzhak Danziger
Israeli, born Germany, 1916-1977
Nimrod
1939
Nubian sandstone
95 x 33 x 33 cm
Gift of Dr. David H. Orgler, Zurich and Jerusalem
© Estate of the artist
Accession number: B81.0600

Nimrod is a landmark in Israeli art; no other sculpture provoked such strong responses when it was created or continued to fascinate and engage generations of viewers in the way that Danziger’s sculpture did.

The biblical character Nimrod is described as “a mighty hunter before the Lord.” But the root from which his name comes means “to rebel,” and in Talmudic literature, he is the despised idolater who erected the Tower of Babel in order to overthrow God. Nimrod, or Namrood, also features in ancient Near Eastern mythology as a mighty figure with divine powers.

Here he is portrayed as a man-beast with prominent sense and sex organs, a hunter-warrior whose bow has become his backbone. Danziger took the hawk on Nimrod’s shoulder from Egyptian art, underscoring the link between his sculpture and the ancient pagan world. The absence of legs likens the figure to an archaeological find, as does the reddish sandstone from Petra.

In the 1940s, a group of intellectuals calling themselves “Young Hebrews” identified closely with this sculpture. Dubbed “Canaanites” by their opponents, they connected to the ancient cultures of the land and called for a total break with Judaism and Jewish history. Nimrod became a symbol for many youngsters at the time, as the most extreme expression of a native identity based solely on this ancient geographic heritage.


From the Israel Museum publications:
Zalmona, Yigal, ed., The Israel Museum at 40: Masterworks of Beauty and Sanctity, The Israel Museum, Jerusalem, 2005
The Israel Museum, Publisher: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 2005
Beauty and Sanctity: the Israel Museum at 40. A Series of Exhibitions Celebrating the 40th Anniversary of the Israel Museum, Jerusalem, 2006
Zalmona, Yigal, 100 Years of Israeli Art, The Israel Museum, Jerusalem, 2010

Exhibitions:
The Beauty of Sanctity: Masterworks from Every Age, Israel Museum, Jerusalem, Spring-Summer 2005

Digital presentation of this object was made possible by: The Ridgefield Foundation, New York, in memory of Henry J. and Erna D. Leir



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