Israel State Archives Site Israel Museum, Jerusalem Site Blue on White
     
שלח  לחבר
Their spiritual, religious and political identity  
 
 
Order establishing national days of rest
...................................................................................................................
June 3 1948
(Order signed by Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion and Minister of Justice Felix Rosenblueth (Pinchas Rosen
State Proclamation No. 1 was issued on May 14, 1948, simultaneously with the Declaration of Independence. The document is on exhibit here adjacent to the Declaration scroll. In accordance with this proclamation, almost all state laws that were in force at the end of the British mandate would remain in force following the termination of the Mandate. The "Law and Administration Ordinance" was issued five days later. In essence, it stated that the legal situation that preceded the creation of the state would remain in force indefinitely. This decision had great import, affecting issues such as the rules governing questions of marriage and divorce and all other matters under the jurisdiction of the Chief Rabbinate, the community rabbis, and the religious councils. Because this rule granted religious authorities control over such affairs under British rule, their authority in these matters would persist under Israeli rule. Two weeks later, the Provisional Council of State added one more chapter to the Law and Administration Ordinance. This "Ordinance Establishing Days of Rest" defined the Saturday Sabbath and the Jewish holidays as the official days of rest of the State of Israel. This order was faithful to the spirit of the Declaration of Independence: By granting "to those who are not Jewish, the right to keep days of rest in accordance with their own sabbaths and holidays," it did not violate the clause in the Declaration of Independence guaranteeing freedom of worship and ritual to all citizens of the state. On the other hand, it did not necessitate religious coercion; the designation of the Sabbath and holidays as "days of rest" was in no way an attempt to dictate the religious content of those days.
...................................................................................................................
National State Archives, א- 7526/11
 
................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

 

שלח לחבר | חזור לראש העמוד