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Basic Law: Jerusalem, Capital of Israel: Establishing a united Jerusalem as the seat of government and protecting the city's holy places, this law sparked international protest. Israel State Archives
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י"ז באב התש"ם , July 30 1980
The "Basic Law: Jerusalem, Capital of Israel" was enacted as a result of the initiative of Knesset Member Geula Cohen, and was adopted by the Knesset on June 30, 1980, with 69 members voting in favor and 15 opposed. The law defines the status of Jerusalem as Israel's capital, and formally establishes the unity and integrity of its two sectors. It also demands that all the national institutions that symbolize Israel's sovereignty - namely the president's residence, the Knesset, the government, and the Supreme Court - be located in Jerusalem. The law also ensures that the holy places be preserved and protected against any form of harm or desecration, and be granted full freedom of access; and it confers preferential status on the city with regard to economic development, by calling for special budget allocations. The response of the international community to the enactment of this law was decidedly hostile. The United Nations Security Council demanded that it be abrogated. At the same time, a number of countries decided to move their embassies from Jerusalem to Tel Aviv.
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National State Archives, כ-464/3
 
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