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Report from the Frumkin Commission: The first state commission of inquiry investigated claims that new Middle Eastern immigrants had been pressured to abandon their religious traditions
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כ"ב באייר תש"י, May 9 1950
Report of the Frumkin Committee Not long after the creation of the Jewish state, reports appeared in both the Israeli press and the foreign media that Israel was forcibly imposing a secular educational curriculum on new immigrants from North Africa and the Middle East, with an agenda that amounted to anti-religious coercion. As an outcome of intense public pressure and harsh criticism, the Israeli government appointed a committee of inquiry in 1950 whose purpose was to investigate the allegations. Former Supreme Court Justice Gad Frumkin was chosen to chair the committee. The committee heard testimony from many dozens of witnesses, and paid visits to immigrant camps where, it was alleged, a strict secular lifestyle was being imposed on the newcomers. In the end, the committee concluded that the government had not engaged in any intentional anti-religious coercion. Nevertheless, the committee did find fault in the decision to entrust the education of the immigrant children in question to the Ministry of Education's Department for Language Instruction, which was part of the Culture Department. As a result of the committee's findings, authority over the education of immigrant children was transferred to the Education Ministry's Educational Department. New regulations were instituted, with the goal of providing continuity and a traditional Jewish education to the immigrant families, in accordance with their own desires. Elections were held in Israel a short time after the publication of the committee's report. Following these elections, David Remez was appointed minister of education in place of Zalman Shazar, who was judged by the committee to be responsible for some of the failings that were exposed. The Frumkin Committee was the very first governmental committee of inquiry in the history of the State of Israel.
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National State Archives, תת-20/20
 
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